How to Get Out of Debt


Whatever the elusive "proper" level of debt may be, a lot of people are exceeding it. Despite generally widespread prosperity for the past decade or so, Americans have been going broke in record numbers, filing for personal bankruptcy as never before.

If you see such drastic action looming in your future, better to take some steps now before your credit rating is ruined.

Roll your debts into a lower-rate loan

Perhaps you can reduce your monthly payments by combining your major debts into a longer-term loan at a lower interest rate. This can be an especially rewarding strategy for credit card debt, which clobbers you with the highest interest around. A home equity loan may make sense. The rate will be lower, and you'll reduce the number of checks you have to write each month. But before you take this step, learn about home equity loans.

Switch to a lower-rate credit card

Credit card offers are everywhere, and card issuers will gladly arrange for you to roll balances on existing cards into a new account with them, provided your credit rating is still good. Just make sure that you don't sign up for a low introductory rate that converts to a high rate after only a few months.

Check your credit record

You can get a free copy of your credit report from each of the three major national credit bureaus every 12 months. And you can also get a free credit report if you've been denied credit in the past 60 days. Federal law also requires the credit-reporting firms to provide free reports to people who are out of work and looking, who are on welfare, or who believe that their credit record is inaccurate because of fraud.

Confess to your creditors

If you know things are going to get worse before they get better, call your creditors and spill the beans. Tell them you that can't pay on time but are determined to pay them back. Could they possibly stretch out the payments for you? Some will do it, and some will even waive interest and late fees for a while. If you get such an agreement, follow up with a letter to the company describing the terms you discussed. This protects you later if the company decides to change its mind.

Get help

If things are looking bleak and you can't handle it alone, consider calling the nonprofit National Foundation for Credit Counseling, which operates more than 2,000 offices nationwide. They’ll put you in touch with a local office of the Consumer Credit Counseling Service (CCCS), where counselors can help you set up a repayment program, and negotiate with your creditors for reduced monthly payments and lower, or even waived, finance charges. The CCCS helps you set up a budget that calls for you to make one monthly payment to the service, who then parcels it out to your creditors. There may be a small fee involved.